Biuro Ochrony Rządu
 
 
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Biuro Ochrony Rządu
 
 
 
 
History
 
 
 
 
 
  • History
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  • As soon as the State of Poland regained its independence in 1918 the necessity to ensure safety for the highest ranking officials in the newly created administration arose. The unsteady political and economic situation of the state resulted in danger, the direct consequence of which was the assassination of Gabriel NARUTOWICZ – the President of the Republic of Poland – committed by a painter – Eligiusz Niewiadomski – in a hall of the “Zachęta” Gallery in Warsaw.
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  • The circumstances of the crime revealed the incompetence of the service responsible for the safety of the Head of State. In consequence on the 12th of June 1924 the Minister of Interior – Zygmunt Huebner – brought into existence a protection brigade that was to ensure the safety of the President of Poland. Separated from it was the Castle Unit, which was to protect the permanent residence of the President. The brigade operated on the basis of “The instructions on executing protective services” issued on the 29th of July 1924. The document referred to protection of the Head of State, foreign and domestic officials, and vital installations.
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  • Detailed distribution of tasks wasn’t carried out until the 19th of December 1934, when the Minister of Interior – Marian ZYNDRAM-KOŚCIAŁKOWSKI – issued “Protection instructions”, the second part of which was entitled “Protection of the President of Poland”. The substance of the document was to lay down the tasks and competences for the service responsible for the protection of the President of Poland.
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  • On the 22nd of August 1944, while still at war the Government Protection Department was brought into existence. Its task was to protect the newly forming government. Continuing changes of the political situation and organisation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs resulted in the formation of the Government Protection Bureau, an independent unit subordinated directly to the Minister of Internal Affairs. Colonel Jan GÓRECKI was appointed as the first Head of the Bureau. He continuously fulfilled the position until 1989. On the 1st of August 1990, after the parliamentary elections, GPB officers became soldiers although remaining in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. On the 16th of March 2001 the Parliament approved The Government Protection Bureau Act, on the basis of which the Bureau presently operates.
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Biuro Ochrony Rządu

Biuro Ochrony Rządu

Biuro Ochrony Rządu

Biuro Ochrony Rządu
 
Biuro Ochrony Rządu 2017 r.